Water scarcity and health in arid regions: a comparative study of Nigeria and Spain

Obinna P Uguru, Anita Meldrum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Safe drinking water and adequate sanitation for all are perhaps the most important measures that could reduce disease and save lives; whilst at the same time reducing poverty in developing countries. It is generally agreed that water availability and quality are critical and central to the realisation of the UN Millennium Development Goals.

This study investigates water resource management practices and public health issues in two water-scarce countries; one a developed country in Europe and the other a developing country in Sub-Saharan Africa. It draws out the key actions and lessons that need to be taken to ensure secure clean water supplies and sustainability in developing countries. The two countries investigated are: Spain and Nigeria because the countries have similar climate and rank next to each other with respect to per capita freshwater availability data. Using these regions as exemplars of practice in developed and developing regions, inferences are made about the problems and solutions to water scarcity management that are emerging today.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-82
Number of pages14
JournalThe International Journal of Environmental Sustainability
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • water scarcity
  • climate change
  • public health
  • water resource management
  • developing countries


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