Visual adaptation to interocular brightness differences induced by neutral-density filters

Ewen S. MacMillan, Lyle S. Gray, Gordon Heron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Interocular brightness differences such as those caused by asymmetrical cataract have been found to have a minimal effect on interocular brightness matches. In the present study, the measured binocular visual response to interocular differences in retinal illuminance was measured over time. Interocular differences in retinal illuminance of magnitudes 0.3, 0.6, and 0.9 log units were induced using neutral density (ND) filters under two conditions: (1) naturally mobile pupils and (2) with fixed artificial pupils (3 mm). Interocular brightness differences were quantified by measuring interocular brightness matches using the simultaneous interocular brightness sense test every 15 minutes over a 2-hour period in eight visually normal subjects. Visual adaptation occurs in response to interocular brightness differences induced by asymmetrical ND filters. The level of visual adaptation can be predicted by Fechner’s Paradox and is independent of interocular differences in pupil diameter.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2007


  • visual adaptation
  • interocular brightness
  • vision science


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