Viscoelasticity-induced fracture behavior of rock-concrete interface after sustaining creep process

Wenyan Yuan, Wei Dong*, Ben Zhang, Junzhou Huo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper explored the viscoelasticity-induced fracture behavior of rock-concrete interface after sustaining the creep process. Creep tests were firstly conducted on the composite rock-concrete specimens under three-point bending loading at the load levels of 50% and 75% of the maximum load. After 90-day sustained loading, composite specimens were unloaded and then reloaded under quasi-static loading conditions, and the digital image correlation technique was employed to quantify the crack profiles at the rock-concrete interface. The results indicate that the pre-set crack at the rock-concrete interface would not initiate further during the creep tests if the sustained load was below the initial cracking load. After sustaining a creep process, the initial cracking load increased obviously but the elastic strain energy near the pre-crack tip remained unchanged. The creep deformations during the creep tests made the characteristic lengths of the rock-concrete interfaces decreased
largely, leading to the obvious enhancement of the interfacial brittleness. As a result, the interfacial nonlinear fracture behavior from the initial cracking state to the unstable fracture state would become weaker. In addition, the fully formed fracture process zone length and the corresponding crack length increased with the increase of the sustained load level, indicating that the boundary effect of the rock-concrete interface would decreased.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104901
Number of pages17
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Early online date17 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 27 Dec 2022


  • Rock-concrete interface
  • Fracture
  • Viscoelasticity
  • Fracture process zone
  • Brittleness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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