Book abstract: A hydrocolloid is defined as a colloid system wherein the colloid particles are dispersed in water. A hydrocolloid has colloid particles spread throughout water and depending on the quantity of water available that can take place in different states, e.g., gel or sol (liquid). Hydrocolloids can be either irreversible (single-state) or reversible. For example, agar, a reversible hydrocolloid of seaweed extract, can exist in a gel and sol state, and alternate between states with the addition or elimination of heat. Many hydrocolloids are derived from natural sources. Agar-agar and carrageenan are extracted from seaweed; gelatin is produced by hydrolysis of proteins of bovine and fish origins, and pectin is extracted from citrus peel and apple pomace. Gelatin desserts like jelly or Jell-O are made from gelatin powder, another effective hydrocolloid. Hydrocolloids are employed in food mainly to influence texture or viscosity. This new and important book gathers the latest research from around the globe in the study of food hydrocolloids and highlights such topics as: collagen and gelatin extracted from skate skin, sucrose pectin interaction, utiliztion of glucomannans for health and others.
|Title of host publication||Food Hydrocolloids: Characteristics, Properties and Structures|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2010|
- food microbiology