Uptake of hepatitis C specialist services and treatment following diagnosis by dried blood spot in Scotland

Georgina McAllister, Hamish Innes, Allan Mcleod, John F. Dillon, Peter C. Hayes, Ray Fox, Stephen T. Barclay, Kate Templeton, Celia Aitken, Rory Gunson, David Goldberg, Sharon J. Hutchinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Dried blood spot (DBS) testing for hepatitis C (HCV) was introduced to Scotland in 2009. This minimally invasive specimen provides an alternative to venipuncture and can overcome barriers to testing in people who inject drugs (PWID).Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine rates and predictors of: exposure to HCV, attendance at specialist clinics and anti-viral treatment initiation among the DBS tested population in Scotland.Study design: DBS testing records were deterministically linked to the Scottish HCV Clinical database prior to logistic regression analysis.Results: In the first two years of usage in Scotland, 1322 individuals were tested by DBS of which 476 were found to have an active HCV infection. Linkage analysis showed that 32% had attended a specialist clinic within 12 months of their specimen collection date and 18% had begun anti-viral therapy within 18 months of their specimen collection date. A significantly reduced likelihood of attendance at a specialist clinic was evident amongst younger individuals (<35 years), those of unknown ethnic origin and those not reporting injecting drug use as a risk factor.Conclusion: We conclude that DBS testing in non-clinical settings has the potential to increase diagnosis and, with sufficient support, treatment of HCV infection among PWID.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-364
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Virology
Volume61
Issue number3
Early online date14 Sep 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014

Keywords

  • hepatitis C virus
  • injecting drug users
  • dried blood spots
  • treatment
  • viral hepatitis
  • surveillance

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Uptake of hepatitis C specialist services and treatment following diagnosis by dried blood spot in Scotland'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    McAllister, G., Innes, H., Mcleod, A., Dillon, J. F., Hayes, P. C., Fox, R., Barclay, S. T., Templeton, K., Aitken, C., Gunson, R., Goldberg, D., & Hutchinson, S. J. (2014). Uptake of hepatitis C specialist services and treatment following diagnosis by dried blood spot in Scotland. Journal of Clinical Virology, 61(3), 359-364. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2014.09.004