Unstable waves on a curved non-Newtonian liquid jet

V. L. Hawkins, C. J. Gurney, S. P. Decent, M. J.H. Simmons, J. Uddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A spiralling slender non-Newtonian liquid jet emerging from a rapidly rotating orifice is examined. The effect of the non-Newtonian rheology on the trajectory of the jet and its linear instability are determined using a mixture of computational and asymptotic methods. The sizes of the droplets produced by this instability are determined by considering the most unstable wave mode. This enables a quantitative comparison between theoretical and experimental results to be made, by comparing droplet sizes predicted from the theory with experimental measurements. At lower Weber numbers some good points of agreement have been obtained. At higher Weber numbers jet break-up becomes increasingly complex and the possibility of break-up being due to absolute, rather than convective, instability is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number055501
JournalJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Volume43
Issue number5
Early online date14 Jan 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • liquid jet
  • non-Newtonian
  • instability
  • droplets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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