Universal service, the internet and the access deficit

John Huntley, Nick McKerrell, Shaista Ashgar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper is concerned with the universal provision of telecommunications services. Universal service provision (USP) “… means that basic telephone services should be available to everybody upon reasonable request and at an affordable price. These services are considered essential for everyone in current economic and social conditions, and risk not being provided under competition alone.”

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2004


  • access deficit
  • internet
  • universal service


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