Trends in high life satisfaction among adolescents in five Nordic countries 2002–2014

Pernille Due, Charli Eriksson, Torbjørn Torsheim, Thomas Potrebny, Raili Valimaa, Sakari Suominen, Mette Rasmussen, Candace Currie, Mogens Trab Damgaard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Life satisfaction is an important indicator when assessing positive mental health aspects in populations, including among adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate trends over time in prevalence of high life satisfaction among adolescents from five Nordic countries: Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway and Sweden. We used data from four waves of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study from 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014 (n=109,847). HBSC is a school-based study examining social circumstances, health and health behaviour among 11-, 13- and 15-years olds every four years in many European and North American countries. The Cantril Ladder, an 11-step visual analogue scale, was used as the measure of life satisfaction, and was dichotomised into two groups: high life satisfaction (scoring 9 or 10 on the scale) and medium/low life satisfaction (scoring <9). Over the 12-year period studied, between 28.6 and 44.8% of adolescents in the five countries rated their life satisfaction as high. Relatively large changes in prevalence levels occurred at the country level over the period. Denmark and Finland showed a steady, significant decline in the prevalence of high life satisfaction over the years. Iceland showed the highest prevalence in 2010. Norway and Sweden showed similar development until 2010, followed by a clear increase for Norway and a sharp decline in adolescent high life satisfaction for Sweden up until 2014. In all countries, high life satisfaction was most prevalent in 11-year- olds and least prevalent in almost all surveys among 15-year-old girls.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-66
Number of pages13
Journalnordic welfare research
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2019

Fingerprint

adolescent
trend
Norway
Sweden
Iceland
health behavior
Denmark
Finland
social studies
school
mental health
health
Group

Keywords

  • life satisfaction
  • adolescents
  • country comparisons
  • Nordic countries

Cite this

Due, P., Eriksson, C., Torsheim, T., Potrebny, T., Valimaa, R., Suominen, S., ... Damgaard, M. T. (2019). Trends in high life satisfaction among adolescents in five Nordic countries 2002–2014. nordic welfare research, 4, 54-66. https://doi.org/10.18261/issn.2464-4161-2019-02-03
Due, Pernille ; Eriksson, Charli ; Torsheim, Torbjørn ; Potrebny, Thomas ; Valimaa, Raili ; Suominen, Sakari ; Rasmussen, Mette ; Currie, Candace ; Damgaard, Mogens Trab. / Trends in high life satisfaction among adolescents in five Nordic countries 2002–2014. In: nordic welfare research. 2019 ; Vol. 4. pp. 54-66.
@article{ff0c1615b07e40b19c9e36ce02c349aa,
title = "Trends in high life satisfaction among adolescents in five Nordic countries 2002–2014",
abstract = "Life satisfaction is an important indicator when assessing positive mental health aspects in populations, including among adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate trends over time in prevalence of high life satisfaction among adolescents from five Nordic countries: Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway and Sweden. We used data from four waves of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study from 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014 (n=109,847). HBSC is a school-based study examining social circumstances, health and health behaviour among 11-, 13- and 15-years olds every four years in many European and North American countries. The Cantril Ladder, an 11-step visual analogue scale, was used as the measure of life satisfaction, and was dichotomised into two groups: high life satisfaction (scoring 9 or 10 on the scale) and medium/low life satisfaction (scoring <9). Over the 12-year period studied, between 28.6 and 44.8{\%} of adolescents in the five countries rated their life satisfaction as high. Relatively large changes in prevalence levels occurred at the country level over the period. Denmark and Finland showed a steady, significant decline in the prevalence of high life satisfaction over the years. Iceland showed the highest prevalence in 2010. Norway and Sweden showed similar development until 2010, followed by a clear increase for Norway and a sharp decline in adolescent high life satisfaction for Sweden up until 2014. In all countries, high life satisfaction was most prevalent in 11-year- olds and least prevalent in almost all surveys among 15-year-old girls.",
keywords = "life satisfaction, adolescents, country comparisons, Nordic countries",
author = "Pernille Due and Charli Eriksson and Torbj{\o}rn Torsheim and Thomas Potrebny and Raili Valimaa and Sakari Suominen and Mette Rasmussen and Candace Currie and Damgaard, {Mogens Trab}",
note = "Acceptance in SAN OA article",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "11",
doi = "10.18261/issn.2464-4161-2019-02-03",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "54--66",

}

Due, P, Eriksson, C, Torsheim, T, Potrebny, T, Valimaa, R, Suominen, S, Rasmussen, M, Currie, C & Damgaard, MT 2019, 'Trends in high life satisfaction among adolescents in five Nordic countries 2002–2014', nordic welfare research, vol. 4, pp. 54-66. https://doi.org/10.18261/issn.2464-4161-2019-02-03

Trends in high life satisfaction among adolescents in five Nordic countries 2002–2014. / Due, Pernille; Eriksson, Charli; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Potrebny, Thomas; Valimaa, Raili; Suominen, Sakari; Rasmussen, Mette; Currie, Candace; Damgaard, Mogens Trab.

In: nordic welfare research, Vol. 4, 11.11.2019, p. 54-66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trends in high life satisfaction among adolescents in five Nordic countries 2002–2014

AU - Due, Pernille

AU - Eriksson, Charli

AU - Torsheim, Torbjørn

AU - Potrebny, Thomas

AU - Valimaa, Raili

AU - Suominen, Sakari

AU - Rasmussen, Mette

AU - Currie, Candace

AU - Damgaard, Mogens Trab

N1 - Acceptance in SAN OA article

PY - 2019/11/11

Y1 - 2019/11/11

N2 - Life satisfaction is an important indicator when assessing positive mental health aspects in populations, including among adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate trends over time in prevalence of high life satisfaction among adolescents from five Nordic countries: Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway and Sweden. We used data from four waves of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study from 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014 (n=109,847). HBSC is a school-based study examining social circumstances, health and health behaviour among 11-, 13- and 15-years olds every four years in many European and North American countries. The Cantril Ladder, an 11-step visual analogue scale, was used as the measure of life satisfaction, and was dichotomised into two groups: high life satisfaction (scoring 9 or 10 on the scale) and medium/low life satisfaction (scoring <9). Over the 12-year period studied, between 28.6 and 44.8% of adolescents in the five countries rated their life satisfaction as high. Relatively large changes in prevalence levels occurred at the country level over the period. Denmark and Finland showed a steady, significant decline in the prevalence of high life satisfaction over the years. Iceland showed the highest prevalence in 2010. Norway and Sweden showed similar development until 2010, followed by a clear increase for Norway and a sharp decline in adolescent high life satisfaction for Sweden up until 2014. In all countries, high life satisfaction was most prevalent in 11-year- olds and least prevalent in almost all surveys among 15-year-old girls.

AB - Life satisfaction is an important indicator when assessing positive mental health aspects in populations, including among adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate trends over time in prevalence of high life satisfaction among adolescents from five Nordic countries: Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway and Sweden. We used data from four waves of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study from 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014 (n=109,847). HBSC is a school-based study examining social circumstances, health and health behaviour among 11-, 13- and 15-years olds every four years in many European and North American countries. The Cantril Ladder, an 11-step visual analogue scale, was used as the measure of life satisfaction, and was dichotomised into two groups: high life satisfaction (scoring 9 or 10 on the scale) and medium/low life satisfaction (scoring <9). Over the 12-year period studied, between 28.6 and 44.8% of adolescents in the five countries rated their life satisfaction as high. Relatively large changes in prevalence levels occurred at the country level over the period. Denmark and Finland showed a steady, significant decline in the prevalence of high life satisfaction over the years. Iceland showed the highest prevalence in 2010. Norway and Sweden showed similar development until 2010, followed by a clear increase for Norway and a sharp decline in adolescent high life satisfaction for Sweden up until 2014. In all countries, high life satisfaction was most prevalent in 11-year- olds and least prevalent in almost all surveys among 15-year-old girls.

KW - life satisfaction

KW - adolescents

KW - country comparisons

KW - Nordic countries

U2 - 10.18261/issn.2464-4161-2019-02-03

DO - 10.18261/issn.2464-4161-2019-02-03

M3 - Article

VL - 4

SP - 54

EP - 66

ER -

Due P, Eriksson C, Torsheim T, Potrebny T, Valimaa R, Suominen S et al. Trends in high life satisfaction among adolescents in five Nordic countries 2002–2014. nordic welfare research. 2019 Nov 11;4:54-66. https://doi.org/10.18261/issn.2464-4161-2019-02-03