Mobilization by the unemployed has traditionally been considered a highly improbable phenomenon. However, recent observations challenge such a supposition. Our article compares protest waves in France, Germany, and Italy, where the unemployed successfully organized themselves and acted on their own behalf for several months. We argue that mobilization of the unemployed— although it empirically proved to be a possibility—remains very fragile, particularly depending on beneficial “windows of opportunities.” Our analysis is above all interested in deciphering macro-structural conditions and opportunity structures, arguing that the unemployed benefited from external developments causing changes in potential mobilizing resources, and brought about new allies and political entrepreneurs.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Mobilization: An International Quarterly|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sept 2008|