The Scottish credit and qualifications framework: lessons for the EQF

David Raffe, Jim Gallacher, Nuala Toman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The SCQF is one of the longest-established comprehensive qualifications frameworks and is often perceived as one of the most successful. This article describes the main features of the SCQF and outlines its progress, drawing on recent studies and evaluations by the authors. It draws lessons for the EQF and for further development of national frameworks to respond to it. These lessons concern the specific requirements of meta-frameworks and comprehensive frameworks, the need for realistic expectations and time scales, and the value of an incremental and pragmatic strategy for introducing a learning-outcomes approach. The article also identifies issues relating to the architecture of a levels framework and the limitations, as well as strengths, of a voluntary partnership-based approach.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEuropean Journal of Vocational Training
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008


    • education research
    • education in Scotland
    • qualifications
    • SCQF


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