The scientific claims of British child guidance, 1918-45

John Stewart

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    This article examines the British child guidance movement's claim to scientific status and what it sought to gain by the wider acceptance of such a claim. The period covered is from the movement's origins in the 1920s to the end of the Second World War, by which point it had been incorporated into the welfare state. This was also an era when science commanded high intellectual and cultural status. Child guidance was a form of psychiatric medicine that addressed the emotional and psychological difficulties that any child might experience. It thus saw itself as a form of preventive medicine and as a component of the international movement for mental hygiene. Child guidance was organized around the clinic and employed the knowledge and skills of three distinct professions: psychiatrists, psychologists and psychiatric social workers.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)407-432
    Number of pages26
    JournalBritish Journal for the History of Science
    Volume42
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2009

    Fingerprint

    Guidance
    Clinic
    Welfare State
    Psychological
    Acceptance
    Second World War
    Psychologists
    Social Workers
    Preventive Medicine
    Emotion
    1920s
    Medicine
    Mental Hygiene
    Psychiatrists

    Keywords

    • welfare state
    • social history
    • British child guidance

    Cite this

    @article{bb6947ec65b34df3a9f21704fe24c106,
    title = "The scientific claims of British child guidance, 1918-45",
    abstract = "This article examines the British child guidance movement's claim to scientific status and what it sought to gain by the wider acceptance of such a claim. The period covered is from the movement's origins in the 1920s to the end of the Second World War, by which point it had been incorporated into the welfare state. This was also an era when science commanded high intellectual and cultural status. Child guidance was a form of psychiatric medicine that addressed the emotional and psychological difficulties that any child might experience. It thus saw itself as a form of preventive medicine and as a component of the international movement for mental hygiene. Child guidance was organized around the clinic and employed the knowledge and skills of three distinct professions: psychiatrists, psychologists and psychiatric social workers.",
    keywords = "welfare state, social history, British child guidance",
    author = "John Stewart",
    note = "<p>Originally published in: British Journal for the History of Science (2009), 42 (3), pp.407-432.</p>",
    year = "2009",
    month = "9",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1017/S0007087408001908",
    language = "English",
    volume = "42",
    pages = "407--432",
    journal = "British Journal for the History of Science",
    issn = "0007-0874",
    publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
    number = "3",

    }

    The scientific claims of British child guidance, 1918-45. / Stewart, John.

    In: British Journal for the History of Science, Vol. 42, No. 3, 01.09.2009, p. 407-432.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The scientific claims of British child guidance, 1918-45

    AU - Stewart, John

    N1 - <p>Originally published in: British Journal for the History of Science (2009), 42 (3), pp.407-432.</p>

    PY - 2009/9/1

    Y1 - 2009/9/1

    N2 - This article examines the British child guidance movement's claim to scientific status and what it sought to gain by the wider acceptance of such a claim. The period covered is from the movement's origins in the 1920s to the end of the Second World War, by which point it had been incorporated into the welfare state. This was also an era when science commanded high intellectual and cultural status. Child guidance was a form of psychiatric medicine that addressed the emotional and psychological difficulties that any child might experience. It thus saw itself as a form of preventive medicine and as a component of the international movement for mental hygiene. Child guidance was organized around the clinic and employed the knowledge and skills of three distinct professions: psychiatrists, psychologists and psychiatric social workers.

    AB - This article examines the British child guidance movement's claim to scientific status and what it sought to gain by the wider acceptance of such a claim. The period covered is from the movement's origins in the 1920s to the end of the Second World War, by which point it had been incorporated into the welfare state. This was also an era when science commanded high intellectual and cultural status. Child guidance was a form of psychiatric medicine that addressed the emotional and psychological difficulties that any child might experience. It thus saw itself as a form of preventive medicine and as a component of the international movement for mental hygiene. Child guidance was organized around the clinic and employed the knowledge and skills of three distinct professions: psychiatrists, psychologists and psychiatric social workers.

    KW - welfare state

    KW - social history

    KW - British child guidance

    U2 - 10.1017/S0007087408001908

    DO - 10.1017/S0007087408001908

    M3 - Article

    VL - 42

    SP - 407

    EP - 432

    JO - British Journal for the History of Science

    JF - British Journal for the History of Science

    SN - 0007-0874

    IS - 3

    ER -