Most health care evaluations today still assume expected utility even though the descriptive deficiencies of expected utility are well known. Prospect theory is the dominant descriptive alternative for expected utility. This paper tests whether prospect theory leads to better health evaluations than expected utility. The approach is purely descriptive: we explore how simple measurements together with prospect theory and expected utility predict choices and rankings between more complex stimuli. For decisions involving risk prospect theory is significantly more consistent with rankings and choices than expected utility.
- prospect theory
- expected utility
- health utility measurement
- health evaluations
Abellan-Perpinan, J. M., Bleichrodt, H., & Pinto Prades, J. L. (2009). The predictive validity of prospect theory versus expected utility in health utility measurement. Journal of Health Economics, 28(6), 1039-1047. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2009.09.002