The influence of pre-treatment gas mixture upon the ammonia synthesis activity of Co–Re catalysts

K. McAulay, J.S.J. Hargreaves , A.R. McFarlane, D.J. Price, N.A. Spencer, N. Bion, F. Can, M. Richard, H.F. Greer, W.Z. Zhou

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Abstract

CoRe4 catalysts highly active for ammonia synthesis at ambient pressure and 400 °C can be prepared without anammonolysis stage. Pre-treatments under 3:1 H2:N2 and 3:1 H2:Ar atmospheres are shown to influence catalytic performance with the latter treatment leading to an induction period prior to development of activity upon switching to an ammonia synthesis feedstream. The difference in behaviour between the two pre-treatment atmospheres is manifested in temperature programmed nitrogen isotopic exchange experiments where H2:Ar treated material is inactive and its H2:N2 treated counterpart is active.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-57
Number of pages5
JournalCatalysis Communications
Volume68
Early online date12 Apr 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2015

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Ammonia
Gas mixtures
Catalyst activity
Catalysts
Nitrogen
Experiments
Temperature

Keywords

  • ammonia
  • cobalt
  • rhenium
  • hydrogen
  • nitride

Cite this

McAulay, K., Hargreaves , J. S. J., McFarlane, A. R., Price, D. J., Spencer, N. A., Bion, N., ... Zhou, W. Z. (2015). The influence of pre-treatment gas mixture upon the ammonia synthesis activity of Co–Re catalysts. Catalysis Communications, 68, 53-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2015.04.016
McAulay, K. ; Hargreaves , J.S.J. ; McFarlane, A.R. ; Price, D.J. ; Spencer, N.A. ; Bion, N. ; Can, F. ; Richard, M. ; Greer, H.F. ; Zhou, W.Z. / The influence of pre-treatment gas mixture upon the ammonia synthesis activity of Co–Re catalysts. In: Catalysis Communications. 2015 ; Vol. 68. pp. 53-57.
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McAulay, K, Hargreaves , JSJ, McFarlane, AR, Price, DJ, Spencer, NA, Bion, N, Can, F, Richard, M, Greer, HF & Zhou, WZ 2015, 'The influence of pre-treatment gas mixture upon the ammonia synthesis activity of Co–Re catalysts', Catalysis Communications, vol. 68, pp. 53-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2015.04.016

The influence of pre-treatment gas mixture upon the ammonia synthesis activity of Co–Re catalysts. / McAulay, K.; Hargreaves , J.S.J.; McFarlane, A.R.; Price, D.J.; Spencer, N.A.; Bion, N.; Can, F.; Richard, M.; Greer, H.F.; Zhou, W.Z.

In: Catalysis Communications, Vol. 68, 05.08.2015, p. 53-57.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The influence of pre-treatment gas mixture upon the ammonia synthesis activity of Co–Re catalysts

AU - McAulay, K.

AU - Hargreaves , J.S.J.

AU - McFarlane, A.R.

AU - Price, D.J.

AU - Spencer, N.A.

AU - Bion, N.

AU - Can, F.

AU - Richard, M.

AU - Greer, H.F.

AU - Zhou, W.Z.

PY - 2015/8/5

Y1 - 2015/8/5

N2 - CoRe4 catalysts highly active for ammonia synthesis at ambient pressure and 400 °C can be prepared without anammonolysis stage. Pre-treatments under 3:1 H2:N2 and 3:1 H2:Ar atmospheres are shown to influence catalytic performance with the latter treatment leading to an induction period prior to development of activity upon switching to an ammonia synthesis feedstream. The difference in behaviour between the two pre-treatment atmospheres is manifested in temperature programmed nitrogen isotopic exchange experiments where H2:Ar treated material is inactive and its H2:N2 treated counterpart is active.

AB - CoRe4 catalysts highly active for ammonia synthesis at ambient pressure and 400 °C can be prepared without anammonolysis stage. Pre-treatments under 3:1 H2:N2 and 3:1 H2:Ar atmospheres are shown to influence catalytic performance with the latter treatment leading to an induction period prior to development of activity upon switching to an ammonia synthesis feedstream. The difference in behaviour between the two pre-treatment atmospheres is manifested in temperature programmed nitrogen isotopic exchange experiments where H2:Ar treated material is inactive and its H2:N2 treated counterpart is active.

KW - ammonia

KW - cobalt

KW - rhenium

KW - hydrogen

KW - nitride

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McAulay K, Hargreaves JSJ, McFarlane AR, Price DJ, Spencer NA, Bion N et al. The influence of pre-treatment gas mixture upon the ammonia synthesis activity of Co–Re catalysts. Catalysis Communications. 2015 Aug 5;68:53-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2015.04.016