The impact of oil and gas activities in the Global South: reflections on the conflict in the Nigerian Niger Delta

Sammy Aniregu Edun*, Titus K. Olaniyi, Kenneth Lawani

*Corresponding author for this work

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The Nigerian Niger Delta is use as a case study in this paper to examine the impact of oil and gas activities in the Global South that cause conflict. The Nigerian Oil and Gas Company has made basic amenities such a hospital, employment, good roads, etc. Evidence from a literature analysis, however, showed that the host communities have been deprived of their traditional daily activities due to
environmental degradation caused on by exploitation of natural resources, deteriorated infrastructure, etc. In addition, the study focuses at a variety of impacts, such as the environmental, health-related, and social effects of oil spills and gas flares; the employment opportunities provided and the company's overall economic implications; the degree to which the oil industry has fostered conflict in oil-producing regions; and the extent and ramifications of pipeline vandalism. The Niger Delta conflict has implications that has drawn attention to militants to commit various unlawful act that affect the economy of the nation and they are not ready to change unless their demands is addressed. The increase of conflict in the Nigeria Niger Delta triggered by militant groups because of extreme poverty, unemployment, unfair distribution of resources, etc. Therefore, the expected peace to the conflict has not yet been fully realised due to the ongoing concerns about the detrimental effects of oil and gas activities in the region. The article then reviews current efforts to mitigate some of these impacts through government approaches at various levels. This paper presented the argument that compensating victims of oil contamination with fair compensation is a crucial first step toward resolving the conflict in the Niger Delta. However, in order to arrive at such a settlement value, it is necessary to conclude with a list of recommendations focused on regulatory frameworks, technological advancements, creation of employment, and poverty alleviation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-452
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Sustainable Energy Development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2021


  • Conflict
  • Conflict Resolution
  • Global South
  • Niger Delta
  • Oil and Gas Activities


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