The modern football industry has the appearance of a capitalist success story, in as much as it has succumbed to commercialization and is awash with capital. However, to what extent does this appearance hold? Examining the football industry from the vantage point of Marxism, which views surplus value extraction as the measure of the essence of capitalist enterprise, this article argues that football may be increasingly commercialized but it is not fully capitalist.
- football players
- surplus value