The combined effects of questioning technique and interviewer manner on false confessions

Wendy Jane Paton, Stella A. Bain, Lynsey Gozna, Elizabeth Gilchrist, Derek Heim, Euan Gardiner, David Cairns, Paul McGranaghan , Rico Fischer

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Abstract

While it is known that interrogation tactics can elicit false confessions and interviewer manner may determine the outcome of an interview, the combined effects of questioning technique and interviewer manner on false confessions has not been examined empirically.Following a false accusation of theft, participants were interviewed in one of four questioning conditions (minimisation, repetitive questioning, leading questions and non-leading questions) in which interviewers adopted a stern or friendly manner. Perceptions of pressure to confess and interviewer behaviours were measured. Significantly more false confessions were elicited using non-leading questions rather than repetitive questioning. More false confessions were elicited in the friendly interviewer condition than in the stern interviewer condition. Neither interviewer manner nor questioning technique had a significant effect on subjective ratings of pressure to confess. The finding that false confessions may be elicited in the absence of coercive tactics may have implications for informing best practices in investigative interviewing
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-349
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling
Volume15
Issue number3
Early online date24 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

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Keywords

  • false confessions, interview tactics, interviewer demeanour

Cite this

Paton, W. J., Bain, S. A., Gozna, L., Gilchrist, E., Heim, D., Gardiner, E., Cairns, D., McGranaghan , P., & Fischer, R. (2018). The combined effects of questioning technique and interviewer manner on false confessions. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 15(3), 335-349. https://doi.org/10.1002/jip.1513