The appeal of the Functional Fitness MOT to older adults and health professionals in an outpatient setting: a mixed-method feasibility study

Lex de Jong, Andy Peters, Sheena Gawler, Nina Chalmers, Claire Henderson, Julie Hooper, Robert M.E. Laventure, L McLean, Dawn Skelton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

PURPOSE:
To understand the views and perceptions regarding the Functional Fitness MOT (FFMOT), a battery of functional tests followed by a brief motivational interview, of both the older people undergoing it and the health professionals delivering it.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:
Physically inactive older adults (n=29) underwent the FFMOT and subsequently attended focus groups to share their perceptions of it and to discuss the barriers, motivators, health behavior change, and scope to improve physical activity (PA) levels. PA levels were recorded at baseline and again at 12 weeks together with a post-intervention questionnaire concerning behavior change. Participating physiotherapists and technical instructors were interviewed.

RESULTS:
Most participants felt they had learned about their abilities and comparisons with their peers, had a change in perception about the importance of good balance and strength, and felt the FFMOT helped raise their awareness of local and self-directed physical activity opportunities. Most felt their awareness of the need for PA had not changed, but 25% of participants started a new organized PA opportunity. The health professionals perceived the FFMOT as being easy to administer, educating, and motivating for participants to increase their PA. Space, time, finances, and insecurity about having the necessary skills to conduct the FFMOTs were seen as barriers in implementing the FFMOT in daily practice.

CONCLUSION:
Over half of those offered the FFMOT accepted it, suggesting it is appealing. However, most participants felt they were already active enough and that their awareness of the need for PA had not changed. There were positive perceptions of the FFMOT from both professionals and older people, but both felt the FFMOT could be held in a community venue. The overall findings suggest that the FFMOT is feasible in the clinical setting, but its effectiveness has yet to be determined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1815-1829
JournalClinical Interventions in Aging
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sep 2018

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Feasibility Studies
Outpatients
Exercise
Health
Aptitude
Physical Therapists
Health Behavior
Focus Groups
Interviews

Keywords

  • FFMOT
  • ageing
  • physical activity
  • awareness
  • functional fitness
  • functional capacity

Cite this

de Jong, L., Peters, A., Gawler, S., Chalmers, N., Henderson, C., Hooper, J., ... Skelton, D. (2018). The appeal of the Functional Fitness MOT to older adults and health professionals in an outpatient setting: a mixed-method feasibility study. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 13, 1815-1829. https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S173481
de Jong, Lex ; Peters, Andy ; Gawler, Sheena ; Chalmers, Nina ; Henderson, Claire ; Hooper, Julie ; Laventure, Robert M.E. ; McLean, L ; Skelton, Dawn. / The appeal of the Functional Fitness MOT to older adults and health professionals in an outpatient setting: a mixed-method feasibility study. In: Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2018 ; Vol. 13. pp. 1815-1829.
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abstract = "PURPOSE:To understand the views and perceptions regarding the Functional Fitness MOT (FFMOT), a battery of functional tests followed by a brief motivational interview, of both the older people undergoing it and the health professionals delivering it.PATIENTS AND METHODS:Physically inactive older adults (n=29) underwent the FFMOT and subsequently attended focus groups to share their perceptions of it and to discuss the barriers, motivators, health behavior change, and scope to improve physical activity (PA) levels. PA levels were recorded at baseline and again at 12 weeks together with a post-intervention questionnaire concerning behavior change. Participating physiotherapists and technical instructors were interviewed.RESULTS:Most participants felt they had learned about their abilities and comparisons with their peers, had a change in perception about the importance of good balance and strength, and felt the FFMOT helped raise their awareness of local and self-directed physical activity opportunities. Most felt their awareness of the need for PA had not changed, but 25{\%} of participants started a new organized PA opportunity. The health professionals perceived the FFMOT as being easy to administer, educating, and motivating for participants to increase their PA. Space, time, finances, and insecurity about having the necessary skills to conduct the FFMOTs were seen as barriers in implementing the FFMOT in daily practice.CONCLUSION:Over half of those offered the FFMOT accepted it, suggesting it is appealing. However, most participants felt they were already active enough and that their awareness of the need for PA had not changed. There were positive perceptions of the FFMOT from both professionals and older people, but both felt the FFMOT could be held in a community venue. The overall findings suggest that the FFMOT is feasible in the clinical setting, but its effectiveness has yet to be determined.",
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de Jong, L, Peters, A, Gawler, S, Chalmers, N, Henderson, C, Hooper, J, Laventure, RME, McLean, L & Skelton, D 2018, 'The appeal of the Functional Fitness MOT to older adults and health professionals in an outpatient setting: a mixed-method feasibility study', Clinical Interventions in Aging, vol. 13, pp. 1815-1829. https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S173481

The appeal of the Functional Fitness MOT to older adults and health professionals in an outpatient setting: a mixed-method feasibility study. / de Jong, Lex; Peters, Andy; Gawler, Sheena; Chalmers, Nina; Henderson, Claire; Hooper, Julie; Laventure, Robert M.E.; McLean, L; Skelton, Dawn.

In: Clinical Interventions in Aging, Vol. 13, 19.09.2018, p. 1815-1829.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The appeal of the Functional Fitness MOT to older adults and health professionals in an outpatient setting: a mixed-method feasibility study

AU - de Jong, Lex

AU - Peters, Andy

AU - Gawler, Sheena

AU - Chalmers, Nina

AU - Henderson, Claire

AU - Hooper, Julie

AU - Laventure, Robert M.E.

AU - McLean, L

AU - Skelton, Dawn

N1 - Acceptance from webpage OA article, no funding note

PY - 2018/9/19

Y1 - 2018/9/19

N2 - PURPOSE:To understand the views and perceptions regarding the Functional Fitness MOT (FFMOT), a battery of functional tests followed by a brief motivational interview, of both the older people undergoing it and the health professionals delivering it.PATIENTS AND METHODS:Physically inactive older adults (n=29) underwent the FFMOT and subsequently attended focus groups to share their perceptions of it and to discuss the barriers, motivators, health behavior change, and scope to improve physical activity (PA) levels. PA levels were recorded at baseline and again at 12 weeks together with a post-intervention questionnaire concerning behavior change. Participating physiotherapists and technical instructors were interviewed.RESULTS:Most participants felt they had learned about their abilities and comparisons with their peers, had a change in perception about the importance of good balance and strength, and felt the FFMOT helped raise their awareness of local and self-directed physical activity opportunities. Most felt their awareness of the need for PA had not changed, but 25% of participants started a new organized PA opportunity. The health professionals perceived the FFMOT as being easy to administer, educating, and motivating for participants to increase their PA. Space, time, finances, and insecurity about having the necessary skills to conduct the FFMOTs were seen as barriers in implementing the FFMOT in daily practice.CONCLUSION:Over half of those offered the FFMOT accepted it, suggesting it is appealing. However, most participants felt they were already active enough and that their awareness of the need for PA had not changed. There were positive perceptions of the FFMOT from both professionals and older people, but both felt the FFMOT could be held in a community venue. The overall findings suggest that the FFMOT is feasible in the clinical setting, but its effectiveness has yet to be determined.

AB - PURPOSE:To understand the views and perceptions regarding the Functional Fitness MOT (FFMOT), a battery of functional tests followed by a brief motivational interview, of both the older people undergoing it and the health professionals delivering it.PATIENTS AND METHODS:Physically inactive older adults (n=29) underwent the FFMOT and subsequently attended focus groups to share their perceptions of it and to discuss the barriers, motivators, health behavior change, and scope to improve physical activity (PA) levels. PA levels were recorded at baseline and again at 12 weeks together with a post-intervention questionnaire concerning behavior change. Participating physiotherapists and technical instructors were interviewed.RESULTS:Most participants felt they had learned about their abilities and comparisons with their peers, had a change in perception about the importance of good balance and strength, and felt the FFMOT helped raise their awareness of local and self-directed physical activity opportunities. Most felt their awareness of the need for PA had not changed, but 25% of participants started a new organized PA opportunity. The health professionals perceived the FFMOT as being easy to administer, educating, and motivating for participants to increase their PA. Space, time, finances, and insecurity about having the necessary skills to conduct the FFMOTs were seen as barriers in implementing the FFMOT in daily practice.CONCLUSION:Over half of those offered the FFMOT accepted it, suggesting it is appealing. However, most participants felt they were already active enough and that their awareness of the need for PA had not changed. There were positive perceptions of the FFMOT from both professionals and older people, but both felt the FFMOT could be held in a community venue. The overall findings suggest that the FFMOT is feasible in the clinical setting, but its effectiveness has yet to be determined.

KW - FFMOT

KW - ageing

KW - physical activity

KW - awareness

KW - functional fitness

KW - functional capacity

U2 - 10.2147/CIA.S173481

DO - 10.2147/CIA.S173481

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 1815

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ER -

de Jong L, Peters A, Gawler S, Chalmers N, Henderson C, Hooper J et al. The appeal of the Functional Fitness MOT to older adults and health professionals in an outpatient setting: a mixed-method feasibility study. Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2018 Sep 19;13:1815-1829. https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S173481