Bone disease represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Multiple Myeloma (MM); primarily driven by osteoclasts whose differentiation is dependent on expression of RANKL by MM cells. Notably, costimulation by ITAM containing receptors (i.e., FcγR) can also play a crucial role in osteoclast differentiation. Modeling the pathology of the bone marrow microenvironment with an ex vivo culture system of primary human multiple myeloma cells, we herein demonstrate that FcγR-mediated signaling, via staphylococcal protein A (SpA) IgG immune-complexes, can act as a critical negative regulator of MM-driven osteoclast differentiation. Interrogation of the mode-of-action revealed that FcγR-mediated signaling causes epigenetic modulation of chromosomal 3D architecture at the RANK promoter; with altered spatial orientation of a proximal super enhancer. Combined this leads to substantial down-regulation of RANK at a transcript, protein, and functional level. These observations shed light on a novel mechanism regulating RANK expression and provide a rationale for targeting FcγR-signaling for the amelioration of osteolytic bone pathology in disease.
- FcγR, epigenetic, RANK, multiple myeloma, osteoclasts
- receptors, IgG/genetics
- multiple myeloma/genetics
- tumor microenvironment
- cell differentiation/genetics