Sustainable environmental geotechnics practices for a green economy

António José Roque*, Evan K. Paleologos, Brendan C. O’Kelly, Anh Minh Tang, Krishna R. Reddy, Claudia Vitone, Abdel-Mohsen O. Mohamed, Eugeniusz Koda, Venkata Siva Naga Sai Goli, Castorina S. Vieira, Xunchang Fei, Francesca Sollecito, Magdalena Daria Vaverková, Michael Plötze, Rossella Petti, Anna Podlasek, Alexander M. Puzrin, Federica Cotecchia, Piotr Osiński, Arif MohammadPrithvendra Singh, Maisa El Gamal, Sherine Farouk, Moza T. Al Nahyan, Slobodan B. Mickovski, Devendra Narain Singh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
98 Downloads (Pure)


The revitalisation of the global economy after the Covid-19 era presents environmental geotechnics with the opportunity to reinforce the need for a change in paradigm towards a green, circular economy and to promote aggressively the use and development of sustainable technologies and management practices. This paper aims to assist in this effort by concentrating on several thematic areas where sustainability solutions and future improvements are sought. These include the re-entry of construction and demolition of wastes, excavated materials, industrial wastes and marine sediments into the production cycle and the reuse of existing foundations. Despite the recent trend in advanced countries towards recycling and waste-to-energy thermal treatment, landfills still constitute the most common municipal solid waste management practice, especially in low-and-middle-income countries, and technological solutions to improve their environmental footprint are hereby presented. At the same time, remediation solutions are required to address the multitude of contaminated sites worldwide. Advanced developments that incorporate environmental, economic and social dimensions are expounded by the authors, together with sustainable ground improvement solutions for infrastructure projects conducted in soft and weak soils. The topic of thermo-active geostructures concludes this paper, where, apart from their infrastructure utility, these structures have the potential to contribute to the renewable energy source.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-84
Number of pages17
Journal Environmental Geotechnics
Issue number2
Early online date3 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022


  • rehabilitation
  • reclamation & renovation/renewable energy/waste management & disposal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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