Sustainable energy options for Pakistan

Muhammad Asif

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    183 Citations (Scopus)


    With the advent of the year 2008, Pakistan faces a gap of 4500 MW between the demand and supply of electricity, registering a shortfall of 40%. The article provides an overview of the key dimensions of the crisis, i.e. growing gap between demand and supply, diminishing indigenous oil and gas reserves, rising energy cost and security concerns. It also explores hydropower, solar energy, biomass and wind power as sustainable energy options for the country.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)903-909
    Number of pages7
    JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2009


    • hydropower
    • biomass
    • sustainability
    • renewable energy
    • wind power
    • solar energy
    • fossil fuels


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