Study on shear–softening constitutive law of rock–concrete interface

Wei Dong*, Zhimin Wu, Binsheng Zhang, Ji She

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)


To study fracture properties and establish a shear–softening constitutive law for rock–concrete interfaces, direct tension, three-point bending, and single shear push-out tests were conducted on composite rock–concrete specimens with different degrees of interface roughness. The relationships between tensile strength (ft), average shear strength (τav), initial fracture toughness (Kini,1C), mode I fracture energy (GIf) and interfacial roughness were determined based on experimental results. A shear– softening constitutive law for rock–concrete interface was developed by measuring strain variations on rock surfaces under loading stages during single shear push-out tests and defined based on shear strength (τmax) and mode II fracture energy (GIIf). For practical applications, the relationships between τmax and ft and between GIf and GIIf were determined by statistically fitting the experimental data in such a way that shear–softening constitutive law could be conveniently determined simply by measuring ft and GIf parameters of rock–concrete interface. Also, numerical simulations were carried out to investigate crack propagation in rock–concrete interfaces under mixed mode I–II fractures. Predicted load versus crack mouth opening displacement (CMOD) curves agreed well with experimental findings and verified the shear–softening constitutive law for rock–concrete interfaces obtained in this study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4677-4694
Number of pages18
JournalRock Mechanics and Rock Engineering
Issue number9
Early online date22 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021


  • rock–concrete interface
  • shear–softening
  • constitutive law
  • interfacial fracture property
  • interfacial crack propagation
  • mixed mode I–II fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Geology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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