The adaptation of parents to children with disability is a crucial factor which influences the adaptation of the child. Other features of the family environment are also important. The studies reviewed in this article used multivariable analysis to explore the relative importance of a range of factors. These can be viewed as potential stressors, risk factors or resistance factors. Those parents who experience distress when faced with potential stressors are likely to be those with fewer coping responses at their disposal: for example, inadequate financial and material resources, social supports or services. Those experiencing greater distress tend to use proportionately fewer practical or problem solving ways of coping and more wishful thinking. The results of this review have implications for service development.
- disabled children