Speed and accuracy of saccades in patients with glaucoma evaluated using an eye tracking perimeter

Andrew J. Tatham*, Ian C. Murray, Alice D. McTrusty, Lorraine A. Cameron, Antonios Perperidis, Harry M. Brash, Brian W. Fleck, Robert A. Minns

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
45 Downloads (Pure)


BACKGROUND: To examine the speed and accuracy of saccadic eye movements during a novel eye tracking threshold visual field assessment and determine whether eye movement parameters may improve ability to detect glaucoma.

METHODS: A prospective study including both eyes of 31 patients with glaucoma and 23 controls. Standard automated perimetry (SAP) and eye tracking perimetry (saccadic vector optokinetic perimetry, SVOP) was performed. SVOP provided data on threshold sensitivity, saccade latency, and two measures of accuracy of saccades (direction bias and amplitude bias). The relationship between eye movement parameters and severity of glaucoma was examined and Receiver Operating Characteristic curves were used to assess ability to detect glaucoma.

RESULTS: Patients with glaucoma had significantly slower saccades (602.9 ± 50.0 ms versus 578.3 ± 44.6 ms for controls, P = 0.009) and reduced saccade accuracy (direction bias = 7.4 ± 1.8 versus 6.5 ± 1.5 degrees, P = 0.006). There was a significant slowing of saccades and saccades became less accurate with worsening SAP sensitivity. Slower saccades were associated with increased odds of glaucoma; however, the AUC for saccade latency was only 0.635 compared to 0.914 for SVOP sensitivity.

CONCLUSION: Patients with glaucoma had significant differences in eye movements compared to healthy subjects, with a relationship between slower and less accurate eye movements and worse glaucoma severity. However, in a multivariable model, eye movement parameters were not of additional benefit in differentiating eyes with glaucoma from healthy controls.

Original languageEnglish
Article number259
Number of pages11
JournalBMC Ophthalmology
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2020


  • glaucoma
  • visual field
  • perimetry
  • eye tracking


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