Spatial modulation

Raed Mesleh, Harald Haas, Sinan Sinanovic, Chang Wook Ahn, Sangboh Yun

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2021 Citations (Scopus)


    Spatial modulation (SM) is a recently developed transmission technique that uses multiple antennas. The basic idea is to map a block of information bits to two information carrying units: 1) a symbol that was chosen from a constellation diagram and 2) a unique transmit antenna number that was chosen from a set of transmit antennas. The use of the transmit antenna number as an information-bearing unit increases the overall spectral efficiency by the base-two logarithm of the number of transmit antennas. At the receiver, a maximum receive ratio combining algorithm is used to retrieve the transmitted block of information bits. Here, we apply SM to orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) transmission. We develop an analytical approach for symbol error ratio (SER) analysis of the SM algorithm in independent identically distributed (i.i.d.) Rayleigh channels.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2228 - 2241
    Number of pages14
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008


    • spatial modulation
    • transmission
    • transmit antenna


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