Sex-role orientation in men Is related to salivary testosterone levels

Dennis Deady, Miriam J. Law Smith, Martin A Sharp, Emad A.S. Al-Dujaili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Previous research has implicated the involvement of androgens in sex-role orientation in males, from studies of 2nd to 4th digit ratio (a purported marker of prenatal testosterone). The present pilot study investigates the relationship between salivary testosterone levels and sex-role orientation using Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) scores in adult males. Twenty-one males (aged 18 - 24) completed the BSRI and provided saliva samples for assay. BSRI Femininity scores were significantly negatively correlated with testosterone levels; the higher the Femininity scores, the lower the testos-terone levels. There was no relation of BSRI Masculinity scores with testosterone levels. Our preliminary results add to the research suggesting that sex-role orientation in males may be partially related to underlying hormone levels.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-521
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Behavioral and Brain Science
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013


  • testosterone
  • androgens
  • adult males
  • masculinity


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