Sharing injecting paraphernalia (containers, filters and water) poses a risk of transmitting the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The prevalence of, and risk of HCV from, such behaviour has not been extensively reported in Europe. People who inject drugs (PWID) were recruited in cross-sectional surveys from services providing sterile injecting equipment across Scotland between 2008 and 2010. Participants completed a questionnaire and provided a blood spot for anonymous testing. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between recent HCV infection (anti-HCV negative and HCV-RNA positive) and self-reported measures of injecting equipment sharing in the 6 months preceding interview.
- virus transmission
- hepatitis C
- intravenous drug use
Palmateer, N., Hutchinson, S., McAllister, G., Munro, A., Cameron, S., Goldberg, D., & Taylor, A. (2014). Risk of transmission associated with sharing drug injecting paraphernalia: analysis of recent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection using cross-sectional survey data. Journal of Viral Hepatitis, 21(1), 25-32. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvh.12117