Risk of transmission associated with sharing drug injecting paraphernalia: analysis of recent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection using cross-sectional survey data

Norah Palmateer, S. Hutchinson, G. McAllister, A. Munro, S. Cameron, D. Goldberg, A. Taylor

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Abstract

Sharing injecting paraphernalia (containers, filters and water) poses a risk of transmitting the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The prevalence of, and risk of HCV from, such behaviour has not been extensively reported in Europe. People who inject drugs (PWID) were recruited in cross-sectional surveys from services providing sterile injecting equipment across Scotland between 2008 and 2010. Participants completed a questionnaire and provided a blood spot for anonymous testing. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between recent HCV infection (anti-HCV negative and HCV-RNA positive) and self-reported measures of injecting equipment sharing in the 6 months preceding interview.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-32
JournalJournal of Viral Hepatitis
Volume21
Issue number1
Early online date28 May 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • virus transmission
  • hepatitis C
  • intravenous drug use

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