Retinal function in infants with optic nerve hypoplasia: electroretinograms to large patterns and photopic flash

Daphne L. McCulloch, P. Garcia-Fillion, G. B. van Boeme, M. S. Borchert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH), which is defined as a congenital deficiency of retinal ganglion cells, may also involve more distal layers of the retina. We investigated electrophysiological function of the retina in ONH using electroretinograms (ERGs). ERGs were recorded from 48 subjects (3.5–35 months) with unilateral or bilateral ONH. Pattern reversal (4° checks) was presented under chloral hydrate sedation, using an optical system to correct a cycloplegic refraction. A photopic flash stimulus was also used. Fundus photographs were used to measure the disk diameter/disk macula ratio (DD/DM), and to document other clinical signs. Eyes were classified as moderate (0.15–0.3) or severe (3.5 muV) in 10 of 35 eyes with severe ONH. Tortuous retinal vessels in eyes with either moderate or severe ONH were associated with smaller amplitude photopic b-waves and markedly diminished or undetectable pattern ERGs. This study supports the hypothesis that retinal dysfunction distal to the ganglion cells is common in ONH, but is not predictable on the basis of ONH severity alone. Additionally, tortuous retinal vessels in ONH may be a sign associated with retinal dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEye
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2006

Keywords

  • vision sciences
  • retinal function
  • optic nerve hypoplasia

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