Removal of boron (B) from waste liquors

J.-Q. Jiang*, Y. Xu, J. Simon, K. Quill, K. Shettle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper explores the use of electrocoagulation to remove boron from waste effluent in comparison with alum coagulation. In treating model test wastes, greater boron removals were achieved with electrocoagulation at low doses than conventional alum coagulation when reaction was undertaken for the same conditions (pH 8.5, and initial boron concentration was 500 mg/L). AI electrocoagulation can achieve good boron removal performance (68.3%) at a dose of 2.1 (as molar ratio of AI:B, and for current density of 62.1 A/m2), while alum coagulation can only achieve the maximum boron removal of 56% at a dose of 2.4. Also, AI electrocoagulation can remove 15-20% more boron than alum coagulation for the same dose compared in the treatment of both model test wastes and industry effluent. The estimation of running costs shows that to achieve 75% boron removal from industry waste effluent, i.e. removing 150 g of boron from 1 m3 of effluent, electrocoagulation was 6.2 times cheaper than alum coagulation. The economic advantage of electrocoagulation in the treatment of boron-containing waste effluent is thus significant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-79
Number of pages7
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume53
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Boron
  • Electrocoagulation
  • Waste treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

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