Reduction of shrinkage by Superabsorbent polymers (SAP) in fibre reinforced mortars

Rohollah Rostami*, Agnieszka Klemm, Fernando C.R. Almeida

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Fibre reinforced mortars (FRM) containing fly ash (FA) and ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS) may suffer from volumetric changes and despite fibre reinforcement, internal curing may be required. This paper evaluates the efficiency of Superabsorbent Polymers (SAP) in reduction of shrinkage. Autogenous (AS), plastic (PS) and drying (DS) shrinkage were analysed for FRM with three types of cement (CEM I, CEM II/B-V and CEM III/A) and three types of SAPs (different water absorption capacities and different particles sizes). The experimental results showed that SAP substantially contribute to the total shrinkage reduction in cementitious mortars and reduce susceptibility to crack formation. Reduction of plastic and autogenous shrinkage is highly dependent on particle sizes. Finer SAPs lead to better performances with reductions reaching 75% for PS and 124% for AS. Reduction of drying shrinkage, although substantially lower (up to 12%), can be achieved by application of SAPs with lower water absorption capacities. The effect of particle sizes is less important for drying shrinkage.
Original languageEnglish
Article number123109
Number of pages10
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume288
Early online date29 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • superabsorbent polymers (SAPs)
  • polymeric fibres (PF)
  • plastic shrinkage
  • autogenous shrinkage
  • drying shrinkage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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