Racial/ethnic bullying subtypes and alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among U.S. adolescents

Jun Sung Hong*, Dong Ha Kim*, Simon C. Hunter, Leah R. Cleeland, Carol A. Lee, Jane J. Lee, Jinwon Kim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The study examines the rate of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among White, African American, and Latino adolescents and whether racial/ethnic bullying subtypes (victim-only, bullies-only, and bully/victim) are related to alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use. METHODS: We used data from the 2009-2010 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study (n = 9863) to examine differences in alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among White, African American, and Latino adolescents in the USA, and assessed whether racial/ethnic bullying involvement was associated with alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among these adolescents. Adolescents were categorized into four groups based on whether they had experienced racial bullying perpetration, victimization, both perpetration, and victimization, or neither perpetration nor victimization. Descriptive statistics were conducted to examine the distributions of the study variables and describe the samples. Spearman's rank-order correlation analyses were used to examine the relationships among the variables. Multinomial logistic regression was conducted to examine alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among the racial bully victimization, perpetration, and victimization-perpetration groups compared to the non-involved group by race/ethnicity. RESULTS: The White victim-only group was more likely to use alcohol but less likely to use tobacco. The African American victim-only group was more likely to use alcohol, and the bully/victim group was more likely to use marijuana. The Latino victim-only group was more likely to use alcohol, whereas the bully/victim group was more likely to use tobacco. CONCLUSION: Our findings have implications for the development and implementation of prevention and intervention programs across different racial/ethnic adolescent groups.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Racial and Ethnic Disparities
Early online date21 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • alcohol
  • bullying
  • ethnicity
  • tobacco
  • marijuana

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