Quantification of efficiency improvements from integration of battery energy storage systems and renewable energy sources into domestic distribution networks

Mohamed E. A. Farrag*, Donald M. Hepburn, Belen Garcia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Due to the increasing use of renewable, non-controllable energy generation systems energy storage systems (ESS) are seen as a necessary part of future power delivery systems. ESS have gained research interest and practical implementation over the past decade and this is expected to continue into the future. This is due to the economic and operational benefits for both network operators and customers, battery energy storage system (BESS) is used as the main focus of this research paper. This paper presents an analytical study of the benefits of deploying distributed BESS in an electrical distribution network (DN). The work explores the optimum location of installing BESS and its impact
on the DN performance and possible future investment. This study provides a comparison between bulk energy storage installed at three dierent locations; medium voltage (MV) side and low voltage (LV) side of the distribution transformer (DT) and distributed energy storage at customers’ feeders.
The performance of a typical UK DN is examined under dierent penetration levels of wind energy generation units and BESS. The results show that the minimum storage size is obtained when BESS is installed next to the DT. However, the power loss is reduced to its minimum when BESS and wind energy are both distributed at load busbars. The study demonstrates that BESS installation has improved the loss of life factor of the distribution transformer.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4640
Number of pages21
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • energy storage systems; renewable sources; distribution network operation; distribution losses

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