Preventing ‘robotised women workers’: women, sport and the workplace in Scotland 1919–1939

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    This article examines a new area of women's leisure; women's participation in work-related sport. The growth and development of industrial welfare in Scotland in the interwar period will be discussed. Within broader studies, Stephen Jones, Helen Jones and Melling have all indicated that there was a growth in industrial welfarism in Britain from the turn of the twentieth century. This development of welfarism, which included provision of educational classes, pensions and medical support, increasingly also encompassed a variety of sports and physical activities. By looking at case studies, developments in provision across a range of industries will be examined. This discussion will draw on a wide range of sources from a variety of women's employment, from factories to clerical positions and from the retail sector to the civil service. This article will examine the types of sporting opportunities open to women through their workplaces, including organised welfare schemes and independent employee-led activities. Moreover, it will explore working women's experiences of these activities and the ways in which they chose to participate in sport.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)594-606
    Number of pages13
    JournalLabor History
    Issue number5
    Early online date14 Oct 2014
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2014


    • women's history
    • Scotland
    • workplace
    • work-related sport
    • interwar period


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