Prevalence of sedentary behavior in older adults: a systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sedentary behavior is a cluster of behaviors adopted in a sitting or lying posture where little energy is being expended. Sedentary behavior is a risk factor for health independent to inactivity. Currently, there are no published systematic reviews on the prevalence of sedentary behavior objectively measured in, or subjectively reported by, older adults. The aim of this systematic review was to collect and analyze published literature relating to reported prevalence of sedentary behavior, written in English, on human adults, where subjects aged 60 years and over were represented in the study. 23 reports covered data from 18 surveys sourced from seven countries. It was noted that sedentary behavior is defined in different ways by each survey. The majority of surveys included used self-report as a measurement of sedentary behavior. Objective measurements were also captured with the use of body worn accelerometers. Whether measurements are subjective or objective, the majority of older adults are sedentary. Almost 60% of older adult's reported sitting for more than 4 h per day, 65% sit in front of a screen for more than 3 h daily and over 55% report watching more than 2 h of TV. However, when measured objectively in a small survey, it was found that 67% of the older population were sedentary for more than 8.5 h daily.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6645-6661
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

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Posture
Self Report
Surveys and Questionnaires
Health
Population

Keywords

  • ageing
  • older adults
  • sedentary behaviour
  • television

Cite this

Harvey, J. A., Chastin, S. F. M., & Skelton, D. A. (2013). Prevalence of sedentary behavior in older adults: a systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(12), 6645-6661. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10126645
Harvey, Juliet A. ; Chastin, Sebastien F.M. ; Skelton, Dawn A. / Prevalence of sedentary behavior in older adults: a systematic review. In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013 ; Vol. 10, No. 12. pp. 6645-6661.
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Harvey, JA, Chastin, SFM & Skelton, DA 2013, 'Prevalence of sedentary behavior in older adults: a systematic review', International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 6645-6661. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10126645

Prevalence of sedentary behavior in older adults: a systematic review. / Harvey, Juliet A.; Chastin, Sebastien F.M.; Skelton, Dawn A.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 10, No. 12, 12.2013, p. 6645-6661.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Skelton, Dawn A.

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AB - Sedentary behavior is a cluster of behaviors adopted in a sitting or lying posture where little energy is being expended. Sedentary behavior is a risk factor for health independent to inactivity. Currently, there are no published systematic reviews on the prevalence of sedentary behavior objectively measured in, or subjectively reported by, older adults. The aim of this systematic review was to collect and analyze published literature relating to reported prevalence of sedentary behavior, written in English, on human adults, where subjects aged 60 years and over were represented in the study. 23 reports covered data from 18 surveys sourced from seven countries. It was noted that sedentary behavior is defined in different ways by each survey. The majority of surveys included used self-report as a measurement of sedentary behavior. Objective measurements were also captured with the use of body worn accelerometers. Whether measurements are subjective or objective, the majority of older adults are sedentary. Almost 60% of older adult's reported sitting for more than 4 h per day, 65% sit in front of a screen for more than 3 h daily and over 55% report watching more than 2 h of TV. However, when measured objectively in a small survey, it was found that 67% of the older population were sedentary for more than 8.5 h daily.

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Harvey JA, Chastin SFM, Skelton DA. Prevalence of sedentary behavior in older adults: a systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013 Dec;10(12):6645-6661. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10126645