Prevalence of factors associated with edentulousness (no natural teeth) in adults with intellectual disabilities

D. Kinnear, L. Allan, J. Morrison, J. Finlayson, A. Sherriff, L. Macpherson, A. Henderson, L. Ward, M. Muir, S. A. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Poor oral health is largely preventable. Prevention includes toothbrushing and regular dental checks. Oral health has important consequences for general nutrition, chewing, communication, wider systemic disease, self-confidence and participation in society. This study investigated the prevalence of edentulousness (no natural teeth) in adults with intellectual disabilities (IDs) compared with the general population and associated factors. Methods: An adult cohort with IDs residing in Greater Glasgow and Clyde, Scotland, underwent detailed health assessments between 2002 and 2004. Between 2004 and 2006, a subsample had an oral check. Data on edentulousness in the cohort were compared with adult participants from Greater Glasgow and Clyde in the 2008 Scottish Health Survey. Within the IDs cohort, binary logistic regression analyses investigated potential relationships between edentulousness and demographic and clinical factors. Results: Five hundred sixty adults with IDs were examined [53.2% (298) male, mean age = 46.3 years, range 18–81 years] and compared with 2547 general population: edentulousness was 9% vs. 1% aged 25–34 years; 22% vs. 2% aged 35–44 years; 39% vs. 7% aged 45–54 years; 41% vs. 18% aged 55–64 years; and 76% vs. 34% aged 65–74 years. In both groups, edentulousness increased with age. After stratification for age, rates of edentulousness were consistently higher in the ID cohort. Odds ratios within age strata were not homogenous (Mantel–Haenszel test, P 
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1475-1481
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume63
Issue number12
Early online date6 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Fingerprint

Intellectual Disability
Tooth
Oral Health
Toothbrushing
Mastication
Scotland
Health Surveys
Population
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Communication
Regression Analysis
Demography
Teeth
Cohort
Health
Glasgow

Keywords

  • antipsychotics
  • edentulousness
  • intellectual disabilities
  • no natural teeth
  • oral health
  • toothlessness

Cite this

Kinnear, D. ; Allan, L. ; Morrison, J. ; Finlayson, J. ; Sherriff, A. ; Macpherson, L. ; Henderson, A. ; Ward, L. ; Muir, M. ; Cooper, S. A. / Prevalence of factors associated with edentulousness (no natural teeth) in adults with intellectual disabilities. In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 2019 ; Vol. 63, No. 12. pp. 1475-1481.
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abstract = "Background: Poor oral health is largely preventable. Prevention includes toothbrushing and regular dental checks. Oral health has important consequences for general nutrition, chewing, communication, wider systemic disease, self-confidence and participation in society. This study investigated the prevalence of edentulousness (no natural teeth) in adults with intellectual disabilities (IDs) compared with the general population and associated factors. Methods: An adult cohort with IDs residing in Greater Glasgow and Clyde, Scotland, underwent detailed health assessments between 2002 and 2004. Between 2004 and 2006, a subsample had an oral check. Data on edentulousness in the cohort were compared with adult participants from Greater Glasgow and Clyde in the 2008 Scottish Health Survey. Within the IDs cohort, binary logistic regression analyses investigated potential relationships between edentulousness and demographic and clinical factors. Results: Five hundred sixty adults with IDs were examined [53.2{\%} (298) male, mean age = 46.3 years, range 18–81 years] and compared with 2547 general population: edentulousness was 9{\%} vs. 1{\%} aged 25–34 years; 22{\%} vs. 2{\%} aged 35–44 years; 39{\%} vs. 7{\%} aged 45–54 years; 41{\%} vs. 18{\%} aged 55–64 years; and 76{\%} vs. 34{\%} aged 65–74 years. In both groups, edentulousness increased with age. After stratification for age, rates of edentulousness were consistently higher in the ID cohort. Odds ratios within age strata were not homogenous (Mantel–Haenszel test, P ",
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Kinnear, D, Allan, L, Morrison, J, Finlayson, J, Sherriff, A, Macpherson, L, Henderson, A, Ward, L, Muir, M & Cooper, SA 2019, 'Prevalence of factors associated with edentulousness (no natural teeth) in adults with intellectual disabilities', Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 1475-1481. https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12628

Prevalence of factors associated with edentulousness (no natural teeth) in adults with intellectual disabilities. / Kinnear, D.; Allan, L.; Morrison, J.; Finlayson, J.; Sherriff, A.; Macpherson, L.; Henderson, A.; Ward, L.; Muir, M.; Cooper, S. A.

In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, Vol. 63, No. 12, 12.2019, p. 1475-1481.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Prevalence of factors associated with edentulousness (no natural teeth) in adults with intellectual disabilities

AU - Kinnear, D.

AU - Allan, L.

AU - Morrison, J.

AU - Finlayson, J.

AU - Sherriff, A.

AU - Macpherson, L.

AU - Henderson, A.

AU - Ward, L.

AU - Muir, M.

AU - Cooper, S. A.

N1 - Acceptance from webpage AAM: 12m embargo

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - Background: Poor oral health is largely preventable. Prevention includes toothbrushing and regular dental checks. Oral health has important consequences for general nutrition, chewing, communication, wider systemic disease, self-confidence and participation in society. This study investigated the prevalence of edentulousness (no natural teeth) in adults with intellectual disabilities (IDs) compared with the general population and associated factors. Methods: An adult cohort with IDs residing in Greater Glasgow and Clyde, Scotland, underwent detailed health assessments between 2002 and 2004. Between 2004 and 2006, a subsample had an oral check. Data on edentulousness in the cohort were compared with adult participants from Greater Glasgow and Clyde in the 2008 Scottish Health Survey. Within the IDs cohort, binary logistic regression analyses investigated potential relationships between edentulousness and demographic and clinical factors. Results: Five hundred sixty adults with IDs were examined [53.2% (298) male, mean age = 46.3 years, range 18–81 years] and compared with 2547 general population: edentulousness was 9% vs. 1% aged 25–34 years; 22% vs. 2% aged 35–44 years; 39% vs. 7% aged 45–54 years; 41% vs. 18% aged 55–64 years; and 76% vs. 34% aged 65–74 years. In both groups, edentulousness increased with age. After stratification for age, rates of edentulousness were consistently higher in the ID cohort. Odds ratios within age strata were not homogenous (Mantel–Haenszel test, P 

AB - Background: Poor oral health is largely preventable. Prevention includes toothbrushing and regular dental checks. Oral health has important consequences for general nutrition, chewing, communication, wider systemic disease, self-confidence and participation in society. This study investigated the prevalence of edentulousness (no natural teeth) in adults with intellectual disabilities (IDs) compared with the general population and associated factors. Methods: An adult cohort with IDs residing in Greater Glasgow and Clyde, Scotland, underwent detailed health assessments between 2002 and 2004. Between 2004 and 2006, a subsample had an oral check. Data on edentulousness in the cohort were compared with adult participants from Greater Glasgow and Clyde in the 2008 Scottish Health Survey. Within the IDs cohort, binary logistic regression analyses investigated potential relationships between edentulousness and demographic and clinical factors. Results: Five hundred sixty adults with IDs were examined [53.2% (298) male, mean age = 46.3 years, range 18–81 years] and compared with 2547 general population: edentulousness was 9% vs. 1% aged 25–34 years; 22% vs. 2% aged 35–44 years; 39% vs. 7% aged 45–54 years; 41% vs. 18% aged 55–64 years; and 76% vs. 34% aged 65–74 years. In both groups, edentulousness increased with age. After stratification for age, rates of edentulousness were consistently higher in the ID cohort. Odds ratios within age strata were not homogenous (Mantel–Haenszel test, P 

KW - antipsychotics

KW - edentulousness

KW - intellectual disabilities

KW - no natural teeth

KW - oral health

KW - toothlessness

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DO - 10.1111/jir.12628

M3 - Article

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SP - 1475

EP - 1481

JO - Journal of Intellectual Disability Research

JF - Journal of Intellectual Disability Research

SN - 0964-2633

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ER -