Precision ECM by process characteristic modelling

A. K.M. De Silva*, H. S.J. Altena, J. A. McGeough

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Citations (Scopus)


Electrochemical machining (ECM), which is not normally considered as a precision process, is used to achieve accuracy better than 5 μm and surface finish 0.03 μm Ra by using pulsed power of relatively short durations (1-10 ms) and narrow inter-electrode gaps (10-50 μm). The narrow gaps, however, make the control and prediction of the process much more complex than normal ECM. An empirical model is developed based on the characteristic relationships of ECM to predict and optimize the process parameters such as dissolution efficiency, current density, electrolyte concentration and pulse duration, in narrow gaps. This model is then used to facilitate new applications of high precision ECM without recourse to the lengthy trial-and-error approach, by predicting selective dissolution of the workpiece and tool design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-155
Number of pages5
JournalCIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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