Physical characterization methods for supplementary cementitious materials

Eleni C. Arvaniti, Maria C. G. Junger, Susan A. Bernal, Josee Duchesne, Luc Courard, Sophie Leroy, John L. Provis, Agnieszka Klemm, Nele De Belie

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)


    The main supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) that are used today are industrial by-products. In most cases the quality of these materials cannot be controlled during their production, resulting in materials with varied characteristics. The adequate physical characterization of SCMs is important to better predict their performance and optimize their use in concretes production. There are standardized methods used to determine the particle characteristics for Portland cements that are usually adopted to characterize SCMs; however, these methods may not be as accurate when applied to SCMs. This paper is an overview of the techniques that are currently used for the determination of the density, particle size distribution, surface area and shape of SCMs. The main principles of each method are presented. The limitations that occur for the SCMs measurements are also discussed. This paper is an output from the work of the RILEM Technical Committee on Hydration and Microstructure of Concrete with Supplementary Cementitious Materials (TC-238-SCM).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3675-3686
    Number of pages12
    JournalMaterials and Structures
    Issue number11
    Early online date4 Oct 2014
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015


    • supplementary cementitious materials
    • particle size measurement
    • laser diffraction
    • Blaine
    • image analysis
    • BET

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Engineering(all)


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