Physical activity to improve cognition in older adults: can physical activity programs enriched with cognitive challenges enhance the effects? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Freja Gheysen, Louise Poppe, Ann DeSmet, Stephan Swinnen, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sebastien Chastin, Wim Fias

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Abstract

Aging-related cognitive decline and cognitive impairment greatly impacts older adults’ daily life. The worldwide ageing of the population and associated wave of dementia urgently calls for prevention strategies to reduce the risk of cognitive decline. Physical activity (PA) is known to improve cognitive function at older age through processes of neuroplasticity. Yet, emerging studies suggest that larger cognitive gains may be induced when PA interventions are combined with cognitive activity (CA). This meta-analysis evaluates these potential synergistic effects by comparing cognitive effects following combined PA¿+¿CA interventions to PA interventions (PA only), CA interventions (CA only) and control groups.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63
Number of pages1
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • physical activity
  • older adults
  • systematic review

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