Pharmaceuticals and their metabolites are inevitably emitted into the waters. The adverse environmental and human health effects of pharmaceutical residues in water could take place under a very low concentration range; from several µg L- 1 to ng L- 1. These are challenges to the global water industries as there is no efficient unit process to remove these pollutants. An efficient technology is thus sought to treat these pollutants in water and wastewater.
- pharmaceutical residues
- water pollution