Online monitoring and diagnosis of HV cable faults by sheath system currents

Xiang Dong, Yang Yang, Chengke Zhou, Donald M. Hepburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)
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Cross-bonded metal sheath connection is applied in sectioned single-core power cables to reduce or eliminate the voltages that are induced in the sheath over long distances. However, cross-bonded cables present an opportunity as well as a challenge for online measurement and diagnosis of cable conditions. In this paper, a methodology to identify cable sheath faults through analysis of the sheath system currents in a cross-bonded cable system is presented. First, a numerical model is established to simulate the sheath currents in cross-bonded cable systems. Second, analyses of several faults, which happen frequently with serious consequences, are presented on the basis of current measurement at the link cable. Simulations of normal and fault conditions are given to determine the feasibility of fault diagnosis. A case study using field data from a cable tunnel in China considering the normal condition is presented to verify the numerical model. Results in normal condition show good consistency with field data with error less than 5%. Simulation results of fault conditions show that analysis of readings from six current sensors can distinguish different fault types and fault positions using the method proposed. Based on the analyses, criteria are established for sheath loop fault type diagnosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2281-2290
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Issue number5
Early online date8 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017


  • on-line monitoring systems
  • high voltage cables
  • cable faults


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