Part I of this book outlines major approaches to analysing the news from the 1970s on. It uses Gramsci’s theory of hegemony to examine the formal characteristics of news broadcasts throughout Europe and North America, and offers a critique of the professional ideologies of objectivity and impartiality. It explains the social constructivist approach which will be the focus of the book as a whole, and exemplifies this with a detailed analysis of a BBC report on the Northern Ireland situation, highlighting the key role of narrative structure in such reports. Consideration is given to the way in which television news can at times respond to clearly counter-hegemonic pressures. Part II addresses the changes which have affected the news in recent decades, both in terms of the decline in viewer numbers and also as regards the ‘tabloidisation’ of the news agenda and the increasingly filmic nature of news reports, together with the resulting discourses of ‘dumbing down’. It then moves to the book’s central argument that we are witnessing the emergence of a new social class – the globalising bourgeoisie – which has resulted in western societies being characterised by two competing bourgeois hegemonies: that of the ‘older’ national bourgeoisie, in decline but still in possession of significant material and symbolic resources, and that of the emergent globalising bourgeoisie with its much weaker commitment to the national. The book argues that television news is a residual product of the older national-bourgeois hegemony, a feature which largely explains the crisis it is experiencing. The book ends by arguing that formal news broadcasts are only one mechanism through which ‘news’ circulates, and that popular engagement with society now takes place increasingly in the popular public sphere through cultural products such as soap operas. The original English-language manuscript can be provided on request.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2007|
- North America
- news broadcasts