Notchplasty is associated with decreased risk of anterior cruciate ligament graft revision

Rory Thompson*, David Hamilton, Iain Murray, Graham Lawson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Despite influencing knee biomechanics and outcomes, the use of notchplasty at time of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) has not been evaluated with regards to risk of secondary injury and revision. This study evaluates this association. Methods: 42 patients (21.7-years, IQR = 19.0–27.5) that underwent primary then revision ACLR at a single institution were contrasted with a case matched control group of patients with grafts that did not fail. Patients were propensity score matched in a 1:2 ratio by age, gender, and date of index procedure. Post-hoc statistical correction was made for post-index procedure sports participation level. Results: Notchplasty was performed in 2 of 42 cases that went on to revision, and in 31 of 84 cases in the control group (p < 0.001). This was associated with reduced rates of revision ACLR (OR = 0.085, 95%CI = 0.019–0.378). A significant difference was seen in the post-ACLR activity level between groups (p = 0.028), with post-hoc testing highlighting those returning to competitive sport to be more likely to require subsequent revision (OR = 9.647, 95%CI = 1.947–47.795). Notchplasty remained significantly associated with (reduced) risk of revision surgery, despite the observed variation in post-ACLR activity (p = 0.001). Conclusion: Individuals whose graft failed following ACLR were significantly less likely to have had notchplasty performed as part of their surgery than a control group who did not suffer graft reinjury. We propose that this may be due to decreased tensioning of the graft as the knee enters dynamic valgus, which may be of great relevance to athletes undergoing ACLR to enable return to sport.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology
Early online date20 Jun 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • notchplasty
  • anterior cruciate ligament
  • revision
  • ACL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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