NGOs and governance

Elisa Ricciuti, Francesca Calo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


Governance of NGOs includes the process of developing strategic leadership in a nonprofit organization. This means setting the directions, making strategic decisions, evaluating the performance, and ensuring accountability and transparency.

Defining NGOs
Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are not easy to define for at least two reasons. First, considerable differences exist from country to country. The word “NGO” itself addresses what NGOs are not, rather than what they are. Despite NGOs are “not governmental,” the spectrum of the private configurations they may assume and the extensiveness of the control from the governmental sector vary based upon country characteristics. For example, the so-called government-owned nongovernmental organizations (GONGOs) in China well reflect that the definition of what is private and what is not depend on the country’s history...
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGlobal Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance
EditorsAli Farazmand
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9783319209289
ISBN (Print)978319209272
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • nongovernmental organizations
  • leadership
  • governance
  • non-profit organisations


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