The purpose of this research was to To determine the features of wide-field multifocal electroretinography (WF-mfERG) recorded in patients with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and to compare WF-mfERG responses of the affected and fellow eyes. In addition, WF-mfERG responses were also compared by using standard electroretinography (ERG). WF-mfERG and ERG responses were recorded from both eyes of 56 patients with CRVO. The WF-mfERG responses, obtained using a custom-built system were grouped into central and peripheral rings. The P1 amplitudes, and P1 and N1 implicit times were grouped and averaged within both rings. Nonparametric statistical analysis was used to compare the ERG results from the affected and fellow eyes. The results were also compared with normative data (5% to 95% confidence limits). CRVO markedly affected all the parameters of the WF-mfERG. In the affected eyes, 98% of the central and 91% of the peripheral P1 implicit times fell outside the normal range, as opposed to 35% of the 30-Hz flicker implicit times. The WF-mfERG responses obtained from eyes with CRVO were significantly different (P <0.01) from those derived from the fellow eye. The central and peripheral P1 implicit times were also abnormal in 59.2% and 46.9% of the fellow eyes, respectively. WF-mfERG is more susceptible than the standard ERG to changes in the nonlinear dynamics of the eye due to the multiple frequencies of stimulation used to record WF-mfERG responses. WF-mfERG could be a sensitive indicator of the underlying disease affecting the retina in eyes with CRVO and may have a role in the clinical setting.
- retinal vein occlusion
- vision science