Researchers using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) within applied research typically employ homogenous samples exploring shared perspectives on a single phenomenon of interest. This paper explores the challenges and opportunities involved with developing rigorous and epistemologically-coherent research designs for capturing more complex and systemic experiential phenomena, through the use of multiple perspectives to explore the same phenomenon. We outline a series of multiple perspective designs and analytic procedures which can be adapted and utilised across many diverse settings and populations. Whilst building upon existing approaches within qualitative methods and IPA, these designs and procedures are intended to scaffold clear routes to practical application, psychological intervention, the design of behaviour change interventions, and other recommendations for policy and practice. We discuss a variety of conceptual antecedents which situate these designs within phenomenology, pluralistic idiography, qualitative psychology, and wider debates within psychology and other social and behavioural sciences.
Larkin, M., Shaw, R., & Flowers, P. (2019). Multi-perspectival designs and processes in interpretative phenomenological analysis research. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 16(2), 182-198. https://doi.org/10.1080/14780887.2018.1540655