Background and Objective. To determine if using a multi-input deep learning approach in the image analysis of optical coherence tomography (OCT), OCT angiography (OCT-A), and colour fundus photographs increases the accuracy of a CNN to diagnose intermediate dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Patients and Methods. Seventy-five participants were recruited and divided into three cohorts: young healthy (YH), old healthy (OH), and patients with intermediate dry AMD. Colour fundus photography, OCT, and OCT-A scans were performed. The convolutional neural network (CNN) was trained on multiple image modalities at the same time. Results. The CNN trained using OCT alone showed a diagnostic accuracy of 94%, whilst the OCT-A trained CNN resulted in an accuracy of 91%. When multiple modalities were combined, the CNN accuracy increased to 96% in the AMD cohort. Conclusions. Here we demonstrate that superior diagnostic accuracy can be achieved when deep learning is combined with multimodal image analysis.
Vaghefi, E., Hill, S., Kersten, H. M., & Squirrell , D. (2020). Multi-Modal retinal image analysis via deep learning for the diagnosis of intermediate dry age-related macular degeneration: a feasibility study. Journal of Ophthalmology, 2020 , . https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/7493419