Modelling of the cost of EV battery wear due to V2G application in power systems

Chengke Zhou, Kejun Qian, Malcolm Allan, Wenjun Zhou

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    This paper presents an analysis of the cost of utilizing battery electric vehicle (BEV) batteries as energy storage in power grids [also known as vehicle-to-grid (V2G)] associated with lessening battery cycle life due to more frequent charging and discharging activities and utilization in elevated ambient temperature. Comparison is made between V2G in the U.K., where annual electricity peak demand is reached in winter, and in China, where peak demand is reached in summer due to the air conditioning load.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1041-1050
    Number of pages10
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011



    • EV battery
    • energy storage
    • power grids
    • electrical systems

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