This paper presents an analysis of the cost of utilizing battery electric vehicle (BEV) batteries as energy storage in power grids [also known as vehicle-to-grid (V2G)] associated with lessening battery cycle life due to more frequent charging and discharging activities and utilization in elevated ambient temperature. Comparison is made between V2G in the U.K., where annual electricity peak demand is reached in winter, and in China, where peak demand is reached in summer due to the air conditioning load.
- EV battery
- energy storage
- power grids
- electrical systems
Zhou, C., Qian, K., Allan, M., & Zhou, W. (2011). Modelling of the cost of EV battery wear due to V2G application in power systems. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 26(4), 1041-1050 . https://doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2011.2159977