BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) filling pressures are normal in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). However, direct and indirect interactions between the RV and LV can affect LV performance. We explored LV strain and LV intra-ventricular dyssynchrony in IPAH using feature tracking CMR (CMR-FT).
METHODS: Seventy IPAH patients and 40 healthy volunteers were included. Patients underwent CMR and right heart catheterisation. The 4-chamber cine was used to calculate LV longitudinal strain (Ell LV). LV circumferential (Ecc LV) and radial strain (Err LV) were derived from a short axis cine. LV longitudinal, circumferential and radial intra-ventricular dyssynchrony indices were calculated.
RESULTS: There were no differences between the IPAH and healthy volunteer group in LV ejection fraction (66.1% vs 64.2% p = 0.6672). Ecc LV (-29.1 vs -32.1 p = 0.0323) and Ell LV (-16.6 vs -23.7 p < 0.0001) were lower in IPAH. In patients with more severe disease, there was greater impairment of Err LV compared to mild disease (50.9 vs 87.5 P < 0.0001). LV synchrony was impaired in all directions in IPAH. Err LV was associated with RV ejection fraction (r = 0.66), RV end-systolic volume index (r = -0.59), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR)(r = 0.51) and stroke volume index (SVI)(r = 0.44). In a multivariate model with age, SVI and PVR, Err LV (HR 0.970 p = 002) and radial dyssynchrony (HR 3.759 p < 0.0001) independently predicted survival.
CONCLUSION: In IPAH, LV is dyssynchronous with impaired function. Measures of LV strain and intraventricular synchrony were associated with known markers of disease severity. These LV variables which are likely to be related to ventricular interaction, may add incremental value to known prognostic variables in IPAH.
- pulmonary hypertension
- cardiac MRI
- stroke volume
- ventricular function, left
- ventricular dysfunction, right
- familial primary pulmonary hypertension
- ventricular dysfunction, left/diagnostic imaging
- heart ventricles/diagnostic imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine