This paper is concerned with the preparation and use of Mg/Al double-layered hydroxides for boron removal from waste liquor. The structure of the DLHs synthesized is proposed to be Mg 2AlNa 1.4(OH) 7.57Cl 0.03(NO 3) 0.8· x(H 2O) which does not contain any carbonate anions. For treating model waters with various starting boron concentrations (5-500 mg/L), the maximum boron percentage removal was >80% for DLH-60 and >90% for DLH-450. The boron removal capacity is 5.4-17.3 mg of B/g for DLH-450 arid 1.2-13 mg of B/g for DLH-60, respectively. The raw water's pH does not affect the boron removal performance. After six cumulative regenerations, boron percentage removal with regenerated DLHs decreased to about 40%. Overall, DLH-450 has a greater boron removal capacity than DLH-60 for both freshly prepared and regenerated materials. For the treatment of industrial effluent ([B] 0 = 17 mg/L), 86.6% boron removal was achieved at the dose of 36 g/L for DLH-60 and 93.5% at the dose of 16 g/L for DLH-450. Arsenic can be completely removed by both DLHs. The main mechanism of boron removal with DLH-60 is proposed to be anion exchange while that with DLH-450 is adsorption. For DLH-450, both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models fit well for the experimental results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering