Knowledge, attitudes, and the practice of health promotion among physiotherapists in Nigeria

Ukachukwu Abaraogu, Uzo Onah, Onyinyechukwu D. Abaraogu, Henrietta O. Fawole, Michael E. Kalu, Chris A. Seenan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: In spite of the growing epidemic of non-communicable diseases in Nigeria and the compelling need for the active participation of physiotherapists in health promotion activities around the world, there is no evidence that physiotherapists in Nigeria are engaged in health promotion activities. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge of, attitudes toward, and practice of health promotion among physiotherapists practising in Nigeria. Method: This was a cross-sectional study. We contacted members of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy (n = 368) by email; the message contained a link to an online questionnaire. Results: A total of 229 (62%) physiotherapists responded. Most demonstrated a good knowledge of health promotion (approximately 70%) and indicated that they often incorporated aspects of health promotion into their patients’ treatment (63%). However, fewer than one-fifth strongly agreed that health promotion was taught in their entry-level programme and had equipped them with the necessary health promotion skills. Conclusions: The majority of the physiotherapists surveyed demonstrated good knowledge and often incorporated health promotion into their routine daily practice. Nevertheless, the respondents stated that their entry-level physiotherapy education had not sufficiently equipped them for health promotion practice. These findings provide a baseline reference that can be used to track capacity building for health promotion practices. The results also highlight important gaps in the physiotherapy entry-level curriculum and the health promotion training needs of physiotherapists in Nigeria.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9
Pages (from-to)92-100
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiotherapy Canada
Issue number1
Early online date4 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019


  • health promotion
  • health knowledge
  • attitudes
  • practice
  • Nigeria
  • survey


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