Investigations on fracture properties and analytical solutions of fracture parameters at rock-concrete interface

Wenyan Yuan, Wei Dong*, Binsheng Zhang, Hong Zhong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To investigate fracture properties and find analytical solutions of fracture parameters at rock-concrete interface, three-point bending tests were performed on the composite rock-concrete specimens with different degrees of interface roughness. Numerical simulations were conducted to analyse the crack propagation and the fracture process zone evolution at rock-concrete interface. For convenient applications in practice, a series of analytical solutions were derived or curve-fitted to calculate the fracture parameters of rock-concrete interface. The results indicate that the roughness degree has significant effects on the fracture properties of rock-concrete interface. With the increase of the roughness degree, the fracture energy, the critical crack length and the double-K fracture parameters exhibit obvious increasing tendencies. Meanwhile, the ratio of the unstable fracture toughness of rock-concrete interface to concrete is much less than that of the initial fracture toughness, indicating the much weaker cohesive effect of rock-concrete interface compared with concrete. In addition, with the increase of the roughness degree, the length of the fully formed FPZ and the corresponding ratio of the crack propagation length to the ligament length decrease. The characteristic length of rock-concrete interface is proved to decrease with the increase of the roughness degree, indicating larger brittle behaviour with the increase of the roughness degree. Finally, a series of analytical expressions were curve-fitted or derived to calculate the fracture parameters of rock-concrete interface under three-point bending loading, including the mode-I stress intensity factor, the critical crack length and the characteristic length of rock-concrete interface.
Original languageEnglish
Article number124040
Number of pages12
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume300
Early online date29 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • rock-concrete interface
  • fracture
  • stress intensity factor
  • fracture process zone
  • roughness degree

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